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REFERENCES ON THE VAQUITA
(highlights are available for PDF download or weblinks)


ABRAHAM, K. 2009. Viva la Vaquita: Locals join campaign to save the world’s rarest porpoise. Monterey County Weekly: October 22, 2009.

BARLOW, J. 1986. Factors affecting the recovery of Phocoena sinus, the vaquita or Gulf of California harbor porpoise. Southwest Fisheries Center Administrative Report LJ-86-37:19 pp.

BARLOW, J., L. ROJAS-BRACHO, C. MUÑOZ-PIÑA, and S. MESNICK. 2010. Conservation of the vaquita (Phocoena sinus) in the northern Gulf of California, Mexico. In: R.Q. Grafton, et al. (eds.), Handbook of marine fisheries conservation and management, p. 205-214. Oxford University Press, New York.

BARLOW, J., L. FLEISCHER, K. A. FORNEY and O. MARAVILLA-C. 1993. An experimental aerial survey for vaquita (Phocoena sinus) in the northern Gulf of California, Mexico. Marine Mammal Science 9:89-94.

BARLOW, J., L. FLEISCHER, K. A. FORNEY and O. MARAVILLA-C. 1993. An experimental aerial survey for vaquita (Phocoena sinus) in the northern Gulf of California, Mexico. Marine Mammal Science 9:89-94.

BARLOW, J., T. GERRODETTE and G. SILBER. 1997. First estimates of vaquita abundance. Marine Mammal Science 13:44-58.

BARNES, L. G. 1985. Evolution, taxonomy, and antitropical distributions of the porpoises (Phocoenidae, Mammalia). Marine Mammal Science 1:15-53.

BEAR, M. 2010. Profile: Tom Jefferson: A Voice for the Vaquita in San Diego. San Diego Scuba Diving Examiner: April 11, 2010.

BROWNELL, R. L. 1978. Vaquita or cochito. Pages? in Red data book. Vol. 1: Mammalia (H. A. Goodwin and C. W. Holloway). IUCN.

BROWNELL, R. L. 1982. Status of the cochito, Phocoena sinus, in the Gulf of California. Pp. 85-90 in Mammals in the seas, Vol. 4. Small cetaceans, seals, sirenians, and otters FAO Fisheries Series.

BROWNELL, R. L. 1983. Phocoena sinus. Mammalian Species 198:3 pp.

BROWNELL, R. L. 1986. Distribution of the vaquita, Phocoena sinus, in Mexican waters. Marine Mammal Science 2:299-305.

BROWNELL, R. L., L. T. FINDLEY, O. VIDAL, A. ROBLES and S. MANZANILLA N. 1987. External morphology and pigmentation of the vaquita, Phocoena sinus (Cetacea: Mammalia). Marine Mammal Science 3:22-30.

BROWNELL, R. L. 1988. The vaquita: can it survive? Endangered Species Technical Bulletin 13:7-8.

CALAMBOKIDIS, J. 1988. Chlorinated hydrocarbon concentrations in the Gulf of California harbor porpoise (Phocoena sinus).  Unpublished contract report.

CIRVA. 2012. Report of the Fourth Meeting of the International Committee for the Recovery of the Vaquita. Ensenada, Baja California, México, 20–23 February, 47pp.

D'AGROSA, C., O. VIDAL and W. C. GRAHAM. 1995. Mortality of the vaquita (Phocoena sinus) in gillnet fisheries during 1993-94. Reports of the International Whaling Commission Special Issue 16:283-294.

D'AGROSA, C., C. E. LENNERT-CODY and O. VIDAL. 2000. Vaquita bycatch in Mexico's artisanal gillnet fisheries: driving a small population to extinction. Conservation Biology 14:1110-1119.

DALTON, R. 2004. Net losses pose extinction risk for porpoise. Nature 429:590.

ESCATEL LUNA, R. E. 1995. Estudio de la musculatura craneal y cervical de la vaquita Phocoena sinus, Norris and McFarland 1958 (Cetacea: Phocoenidae). UNAM, thesis.

ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS, GOBEIRNO FEDERAL. 2008. Program de Accion para la Conservacion de la Especie: Vaquita (Phocoena sinus). Mexican Government Publication, Semarnat.

FAJARDO-MELLOR, L., A. BERTA, R. L. BROWNELL, C. C. BOY and R. N. P. GOODALL. 2006. The phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of true porpoises (Mammalia: Phocoenidae) based on morphological data. Marine Mammal Science 22:910-932.

FITCH, J. E. and R. L. BROWNELL. 1968. Fish otoliths in cetacean stomachs and their importance in interpreting feeding habits. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 25:2561-2574.

FLANAGAN, C. A. and J. R. HENDRICKSON. 1976. Observations on the commercial fishery and reproductive biology of the totoaba, Cynoscion macdonaldi, in the northern Gulf of California. Fishery Bulletin 74:531-545.

FLEISCHER, L., R. M. COOLEY, H. PEREZ-CORTES MORENO and A. P. ORTIZ. 1996. Analisis de la mortalidad incidental de la vaquita, Phocoena sinus. Historia y actualidad (abril de 1994). Ciencia Pesquera 13:78-82.

FLEISCHER, L. and H. PEREZ-CORTES MORENO. 1996. Diagnosis del recurso vaquita, Phocoena sinus. Ciencia Pesquera 13:83-86.

GASKIN, D. E., G. J. D. SMITH, A. P. WATSON, W. Y. YASUI and D. B. YURICK. 1984. Reproduction in porpoises (Phocoenidae): implications for managment. Reports of the International Whaling Commission Special Issue 6:135-148.

GERRODETTE, T., B.L. TAYLOR, R. SWIFT, S. RANKIN, A.M. JARAMILLO-LEGORRETA and L. ROJAS-BRACHO. 2011. A combined visual and acoustic estimate of 2008 abundance, and change in abundance since 1997, for the vaquita, Phocoena sinus. Marine Mammal Science. 27(2): E79–E100 (April).

GERRODETTE, T., L. A. FLEISCHER, H. PEREZ-CORTES and B. VILLA RAMIREZ. 1995. Distribution of the vaquita, Phocoena sinus, based on sightings from systematic surveys. Reports of the International Whaling Commission Special Issue 16:273-282.

HOHN, A. A., A. J. READ, S. FERNANDEZ, O. VIDAL and L. T. FINDLEY. 1996. Life history of the vaquita, Phocoena sinus (Phocoenidae, Cetacea). Journal of Zoology, London 239:235-251.

HOHN, A. A. and C. D'AGROSA. 1997. Vaquita conservation: current science and management. IBI Reports 7:45-56.

INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR THE RECOVERY OF THE VAQUITA. 2004. CIRVA: Scientific reports. Unpublished report.

IUCN. 2011. Vaquita, Phocoena sinus. In: Species on the Edge of Survival. IUCN and HarperCollins Publishers, p. 287.

JARAMILLO LEGORETTA, A., L. ROJAS-BRACHO, R. L. BROWNELL JR., A. J. READ, R. R. REEVES, K. RALLS and B. L. TAYLOR. 2007. Saving the vaquita: Immediate action, not more data. Conservation Biology 21:1653-1655.

JARAMILLO-LEGORRETA, A. M., L. ROJAS-BRACHO and T. GERRODETTE. 1999. A new abundance estimate for vaquitas: first step for recovery. Marine Mammal Science 15:957-973.

JEFFERSON, T. A. (Editor) 2011. Saving the vaquita: Are we doing all we can? Workshop Report Summary. Journal of Marine Animals and Their Ecology (2)2: 29-36.

JEFFERSON, T. A. and D. KUTZ. 2011. ¡Viva Vaquita!: A Race Against TIme to Save an Elusive Yet Endangered Marine Mammal. The Explorer's Journal (Special Report) 89(2):12-13.

JEFFERSON, T. A. and J.Y. WANG. 2011. Revision of the taxonomy of finless porpoises (genus Neophocaena): The existence of two species. Journal of Marine Animals and Their Ecology 4(1):3-16.

JEFFERSON, T. A. and B. E. CURRY. 1994. A global review of porpoise (Cetacea, Phocoenidae) mortality in gillnets. Biological Conservation 67:167-183.

JEFFERSON, T. A., P. A. OLSON, T. R. KIECKHEFER and L. ROJAS-BRACHO. 2009. Photo-identification of the vaquita (Phocoena sinus): The world's most endangered cetacean. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Mammals 7(1-2): 53-56.

KAMMINGA, C., S. COHEN and G. K. SILBER. 1996. Investigations on cetacean sonar XI: instrinsic comparison of the wave shapes of some members of the Phocoenidae family. Aquatic Mammals 22:45-56.

KRAFT, K. 2009. Vaquita: the most endangered marine mammal in the world. Wildthings, EasyReader: The South Bay's Hometown News.

LAMONTHE-ARGUMENDO, R. 1988. Trematodos de mamiferos marinos III. Hallazgo de Synthesium tursionis (Marchi, 1873) stundard y alevy 1930 en Phocoena sinus (Phocoenidae) en el Golfo del California, Mexico. Anales de la Instituto Biologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Serie Zoologie 58:11-19.

LIEBIG, P. M., T.-S. A. TAYLOR and K. W. FLESSA. 2003. Bones on the beach: marine mamal taphonomy of the Colorado Delta, Mexico. Palaois 18:168-175.

MAGATAGAN, M. D., E. H. BOYER and B. VILLA-RAMIREZ. 1984. Revision del estado que guarda Phocoena sinus Norris and McFarland y descripcion de tres nuevos ejemplares. Anales de la Instituto Biologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Serie Zoologie 55:271-294.

MCGUIRE, T. R. and G. C. VALDEZ-GARDEA. 1997. Endangered species and precarious lives in the Upper Gulf of California. Culture and Agriculture 19:101-107.

MUNGUIA-VEGA, A., Y. ESQUER-GARIGOS, L. ROJAS-BRACHO, R. VAZQUEZ-JAEZ, A. CASTRO-PIETO and F.-R. S. 2007. Genetic drift vs. natural selection in a long-term small isolated population: major histocompatibility complex class II variation in the Gulf of California endemic porpoise (Phoceona sinus). Molecular Ecology 16:4051-4065.

NOBLE, B. A. and F. C. FRASER. 1971. Description of a skeleton and supplementary notes on the skull of a rare porpoise Phocoena sinus Norris and McFarland 1958. Journal of Natural History 5:447-464.

NORRIS, K. S. and W. N. MCFARLAND. 1958. A new harbor porpoise of the genus Phocoena from the Gulf of California. Journal of Mammalogy 39:22-39.

NORRIS, K. S. and J. H. PRESCOTT. 1961. Observations on Pacific cetaceans of Californian and Mexican waters. University of California Publications in Zoology 63:291-402.

ORR, R. T. 1969. An additional record of Phocoena sinus. Journal of Mammalogy 50:384.

ORTEGA-ORTIZ, J. G. 1993. Descripcion osteologica de la aleta pectoral da la vaquita Phocoena sinus (Cetacea: Phocoenidae). UNAM, thesis.

ORTEGA-ORTIZ, J. G., B. VIIA-RAMIREZ and J. R. GERSENOWIES. 2000. Polydactyly and other features of the manus of the vaquita, Phocoena sinus. Marine Mammal Science 16:277-286.

PERALTA PEREZ, M. A. 1994. Variacion morfometrica con respecto la edad y al sexo en el craneo de Phocoena sinus Norris Y McFarland 1958. UNAM, thesis.

PEREZ-CORTES MORENO, H., G. K. SILBER and B. VILLA RAMIREZ. 1996. Contribucion al conocimiento de la alimentacion de la vaquita, Phocoena sinus. Ciencia Pesquera 13:66-72.

PHILBRICK, V. A., P. C. FIEDLER and S. B. REILLY. 2002. Report of ecosystem studies conducted during the 1997 vaquita abundance survey on the research vessel David Starr Jordan. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SWFSC 339:35 pp.

PITMAN, R. L. and L. ROJAS-BRANCHO. 2007. How now, little cow? Natural History 28-32.

PLATT, J. 2009. Last chance to save the vaquita porpoise from extinction? Scientific American Inc.

ROBLES, A., O. VIDAL and L. T. FINDLEY. 1987. La totoaba y la vaquita: Mexicanas en peligro de extincion. Informacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONACYT) 9:4-6.

ROJAS-BRACHO, L. and B. L. TAYLOR. 1999. Risk factors affecting the vaquita (Phocoena sinus). Marine Mammal Science 15:974-989.

ROJAS-BRACHO, L. and A. M. JARAMILLO-LEGORRETA. 2002. Vaquita Phocoena sinus. Pp. 1277-1280 in Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals (W. F. Perrin, B. Wursig and J. G. M. Thewissen). Academic Press.

ROJAS-BRACHO, L. 2003. What is the vaquita? Whalewatcher 35:10-12.

ROJAS-BRACHO, L., R. R. REEVES and A. JARAMILLO-LEGORRETA. 2006. Conservation of the vaquita Phocoena sinus. Mammal Review 36:179-216.

ROSEL, P. E., M. G. HAYGOOD and W. F. PERRIN. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships among the true porpoises (Cetacea: Phocoenidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 4:463-474.

ROSEL, P. E. and L. ROJAS-BRACHO. 1999. Mitochondrial DNA variation in the critically endangered vaquita Phocoena sinus Norris and Macfarland, 1958. Marine Mammal Science 15:990-1003.

SILBER, G. K. 1988. Recent sightings of the Gulf of California harbor porpoise, Phocoena sinus. Journal of Mammalogy 69:430-433.

SILBER, G. K., M. W. NEWCOMER and G. J. BARROS. 1988. Observations on the behavior and ventilation cycles of the vaquita, Phocoena sinus. Marine Mammal Science 4:62-67.

SILBER, G. K. 1990. Distributional relations of cetaceans in the northern Gulf of California, with special reference to the vaquita, Phocoena sinus. Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Santa Cruz, 145 pp.

SILBER, G. K. 1990. Occurrence and distribution of the vaquita (Phocoena sinus) in the northern Gulf of California. Fishery Bulletin 88:339-346.

SILBER, G. K. and K. S. NORRIS. 1991. Geographic and seasonal distribution of the vaquita, Phocoena sinus. Anales de la Instituto Biologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Serie Zoologie 62:263-268.

SILBER, G. K. 1991. Acoustic signals of the vaquita (Phocoena sinus). Aquatic Mammals 17:130-133.

SILBER, G. K., M. W. NEWCOMER, P. C. SILBER, H. PEREZ-CORTES M. and G. M. ELLIS. 1994. Cetaceans of the northern Gulf of California: distribution, occurrence, and relative abundance. Marine Mammal Science 10:283-298.

TAYLOR, B. L. and T. GERRODETTE. 1993. The uses of statistical power in conservation biology: the vaquita and northern spotted owl. Conservation Biology 7:489-500.

TAYLOR, B. L. and L. ROJAS-BRACHO. 1999. Examining the risk of inbreeding depression in a naturally rare cetacean, the vaquita (Phocoena sinus). Marine Mammal Science 15:1004-1028.

TORRE, J. and O. VIDAL. 1999. Sexual dimorphism and developmental patterns in the external morphology of the vaquita, Phocoena sinus. Unpublished manuscript.

VIDAL, O. 1991. Catalog of osteological collections of aquatic mammals from Mexico. NOAA Technical Report NMFS 97:36 pp.

VIDAL, O. 1993. Aquatic mammal conservation in Latin America: problems and perspectives. Conservation Biology 7:788-795.

VIDAL, O., L. T. FINDLEY and S. LEATHERWOOD. 1993. Annotated checklist of the marine mammals of the Gulf of California. Proceedings of the San Diego Society of Natural History 28:1-16.

VIDAL, O. 1995. Population biology and incidental mortality of the vaquita, Phocoena sinus. Reports of the International Whaling Commission Special Issue 16:247-272.

VIDAL, O., R. L. BROWNELL and L. T. FINDLAY. 1999. Vaquita Phocoena sinus Norris and McFarland, 1958. Pp. 357-378 in Handbook of Marine Mammals, Volume 6: The second book of dolphins and the porpoises (S. H. Ridgway and R. Harrison). Academic Press.

VILLA-R., B. 1976. Report on the status of Phocoena sinus, Norris and MacFarland 1958, in the Gulf of California. Anales de la Instituto Biologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Serie Zoologie 47:203-207.

VILLA-R., B. 1990. La vaquita, Phocoena sinus, una especie agonizante. Revista de la Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico 45:6-8.

VILLA-R., B. 1993. Recovery plan for the vaquita, Phocoena sinus. Unpublished report.

VILLA-R., B., A. DELGADO-ESTRELLA, AND M. A. PERALTA-PEREZ. 1995. Aportaciones recientes al conocimiento de la biologia y distribucion de Phocoena sinus (Cetacea: Phocoenidae). Revista de la Sociedad Mexicana de Historia Natural 46:163-172.

VILLA-R., B., F. PAEZ-OSUNA and H. PEREZ-CORTES M. 1993. Concentraciones de metales pesados en le tejido carniaco, hepatico y renal de la vaquita Phocoena sinus (Mammalia: Phocoenidae). Anales de la Instituto Biologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Serie Zoologie 64:61-72.

WELLS, R. S., B. WURSIG and K. S. NORRIS. 1981. A survey of the marine mammals of the upper Gulf of California, Mexico, with an assessment of the status of Phocoena sinus. Unpublished report.


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